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Passivation of lead and cadmium and increase of the nutrient content during sewage sludge composting by phosphate amendments
Environmental Research ( IF 5.026 ) Pub Date : 2020-03-23 , DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2020.109431
Guodi Zheng; Xiankai Wang; Tongbin Chen; Jun Yang; Junxing Yang; Junwan Liu; Xiaoxiao Shi

As an efficient and cost-effective biological treatment method for sewage sludge, composting has been widely used worldwide. To passivate heavy metals and enhance the nutrient content in compost, in the present study, phosphate rock, calcium magnesium phosphate, and monopotassium phosphate were added to the composting substrate. According to the Community Bureau of Reference sequential extraction procedure, phosphate rock and monopotassium phosphate amendments exhibit a good passivation effect on Cd and Pb. The X-ray diffraction patterns proved the formation of Pb3(PO4)2 and Cd5(PO4)2SiO4 crystals, and X-ray absorption near-edge structure spectroscopy illustrated the change in P speciation after phosphate amendment. Furthermore, phosphate amendment increased the contents of total P and available P, and it reduced the loss of N during sewage sludge composting. The germination index showed that the target phosphate amendments in sewage sludge compost had no negative effects on seed germination, and this method has great potential to be used as a soil amendment.
更新日期:2020-03-26

 

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