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Darcy’s law without friction in active nematic rheology
Physical Review Letters ( IF 9.227 ) Pub Date : 
Fraser Mackay, John Toner, Alexander Morozov, and Davide Marenduzzo

We study the dynamics of a contractile active nematic fluid subjected to a Poiseuille flow. In a quasi-1D geometry, we find that the linear rheology of this material is reminiscent of Darcy’s law in complex fluids, with a pluglike flow decaying to zero over a well-defined "permeation" length. As a result, the viscosity increases with size, but never diverges, thereby evading the yield stress predicted by previous theories. We find strong shear thinning controlled by an active Ericksen number quantifying the ratio between external pressure difference and internal active stresses. In 2D, the increase of linear regime viscosity with size only persists up to a critical length beyond which we observe active turbulent patterns, with very low apparent viscosity. The ratio between critical and permeation length, determining the stability of the Darcy regime, can be made indefinitely large by varying the flow aligning parameter or magnitude of nematic order.
更新日期:2020-03-26

 

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