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Approximating the Existential Theory of the Reals
arXiv - CS - Computational Complexity Pub Date : 2018-10-02 , DOI: arxiv-1810.01393
Argyrios Deligkas; John Fearnley; Themistoklis Melissourgos; Paul G. Spirakis

The Existential Theory of the Reals (ETR) consists of existentially quantified Boolean formulas over equalities and inequalities of polynomial functions of variables in $\mathbb{R}$. In this paper we propose and study the approximate existential theory of the reals ($\epsilon$-ETR), in which the constraints only need to be satisfied approximately. We first show that when the domain of the variables is $\mathbb{R}$ then $\epsilon$-ETR = ETR under polynomial time reductions, and then study the constrained $\epsilon$-ETR problem when the variables are constrained to lie in a given bounded convex set. Our main theorem is a sampling theorem, similar to those that have been proved for approximate equilibria in normal form games. It discretizes the domain in a grid-like manner whose density depends on various properties of the formula. A consequence of our theorem is that we obtain a quasi-polynomial time approximation scheme (QPTAS) for a fragment of constrained $\epsilon$-ETR. We use our theorem to create several new PTAS and QPTAS algorithms for problems from a variety of fields.
更新日期:2020-03-24

 

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