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Hounsfield units value is a better predictor of pedicle screw loosening than the T-score of DXA in patients with lumbar degenerative diseases.
European Spine Journal ( IF 2.513 ) Pub Date : 2020-03-24 , DOI: 10.1007/s00586-020-06386-8
Da Zou,Zhuoran Sun,Siyu Zhou,Woquan Zhong,Weishi Li

PURPOSE To compare the performance of using Hounsfield units (HU) value derived from computed tomography and T-score of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to predict pedicle screw loosening. METHODS We reviewed 253 patients aged ≥ 50 years undergoing pedicle screw fixation for lumbar degenerative diseases (LDD). The evaluation of screw loosening: radiolucent zones of ≥ 1 mm thick in X-ray. The criterion for osteoporosis: the lowest T-score ≤ - 2.5. The average HU value of L1-L4 was used to represent lumbar bone mineral density (BMD). The area under receiver operating characteristics curve (AUC) was used to evaluate the performance of predicting screw loosening. RESULTS One patient underwent reoperation for screw loosening at 9 months follow-up. At 12 months follow-up, the loosening rate was 30.6% (77/252) in the remaining 252 patients. Osteoporotic patients had higher loosening rate than non-osteoporotic patients (39.3% vs. 25.8%, P = 0.026). The T-score showed no significant difference between loosening group and non-loosening group (- 2.1 ± 1.5 vs. - 1.7 ± 1.6, P = 0.074), and so is the lowest lumbar BMD of DXA (0.83 ± 0.16 g/cm2 vs. 0.88 ± 0.19 g/cm2, P = 0.054). The HU value was lower in the loosening group (106.8 ± 34.4 vs. 129.8 ± 45.7, P < 0.001). The HU value (OR, 0.980; 95%CI 0.968-0.993; P = 0.002) was the independent influencing factor of screw loosening. The AUC of predicting screw loosening was 0.666 (P < 0.001) for HU value and 0.574 (P = 0.062) for T-score. CONCLUSIONS HU value is a better predictor of pedicle screw loosening than T-score of DXA in patients aged ≥ 50 years with LDD. We should not only focus on the DXA measurements when making surgical plans concerning lumbar fixation. These slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
更新日期:2020-03-24

 

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