Solar Energy ( IF 4.608 ) Pub Date : 2020-03-19 , DOI: 10.1016/j.solener.2020.03.023 Shabaz Alam; M. Shaheer Akhtar; Abdullah; Eunbi-Kim; Hyung-Shik Shin; Sadia Ameen
The present work documents the synthesis of a new and highly energetic indandione based D-π-A planar molecule, 2-(5″-hexyl-[2,2′:5′2″ terthiophen]-5-yl) methylene)-1H- indene-1,3(2H) dione, H3T-ID), as donor material for bulk-heterojunction organic solar cells (BJH-OSCs). The photophysical properties, optoelectrical characterization and microscopic images were thoroughly studied. H3T-ID exhibited good absorption behavior with maximum absorbance at ~495 nm and displayed the optical band gap of ~1.98 eV. The existence of π-spacer and hexyl side chain in H3T-ID significantly improved the thin film morphology, molecular packing and enhanced the charge transport. H3T-ID organic molecule acquired well-matched HOMO and bountifully higher LUMO energy levels w.r.t. PC61BM acceptor. The photovoltaic characteristics of the fabricated BHJ-OSC using H3T-ID as donor and PC61BM as acceptor displayed maximum PCE = ~4.05%, good JSC = ~10.43 mAcm−2, VOC = ~0.77 V and FF = 0.51. The stability test revealed that the fabricated BHJ-OSCs showed good reproducibility and stability by retaining over ~80% of its initial PCE for 15 days without encapsulation.