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Sublinear-Time Language Recognition and Decision by One-Dimensional Cellular Automata
arXiv - CS - Computational Complexity Pub Date : 2019-09-12 , DOI: arxiv-1909.05828
Augusto Modanese

After an apparent hiatus of roughly 30 years, we revisit a seemingly neglected subject in the theory of (one-dimensional) cellular automata: sublinear-time computation. The model considered is that of ACAs, which are language acceptors whose acceptance condition depends on the states of all cells in the automaton. We prove a time hierarchy theorem for sublinear-time ACA classes, analyze their intersection with the regular languages, and, finally, establish strict inclusions in the parallel computation classes $\mathsf{SC}$ and (uniform) $\mathsf{AC}$. As an addendum, we introduce and investigate the concept of a decider ACA (DACA) as a candidate for a decider counterpart to (acceptor) ACAs. We show the class of languages decidable in constant time by DACAs equals the locally testable languages, and we also determine $\Omega(\sqrt{n})$ as the (tight) time complexity threshold for DACAs up to which no advantage compared to constant time is possible.
更新日期:2020-03-16

 

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