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Cooperative Computing in Integrated Blockchain-Based Internet of Things
IEEE Internet of Things Journal ( IF 9.515 ) Pub Date : 2019-10-18 , DOI: 10.1109/jiot.2019.2948144
Shu Fu; Qilin Fan; Yujie Tang; Haijun Zhang; Xin Jian; Xiaoping Zeng

In this article, we propose an energy-efficiency-aware integrated architecture of cooperative computing (CC) to support the demands of computing amount in the blockchain-based Internet of Things (IoT). Specifically, we assume that multiple computing servers are placed at each data access point (DAP). The computing servers across multiple DAPs can be virtualized to constitute a CC pool to flexibly allocate the computing resource. When the amount of received data from a DAP is accumulated to a certain length of one data block, blockchain computing will be implemented to generate a correct Nonce value meeting the threshold of hash value. After the correct Nonce has been generated, the data block will be transmitted and stored in cloud caches, where the hash value is written into blockchain to guarantee the security of data block. We maximize system energy efficiency defined by the overall power consumption per unit of throughput transmitted from DAPs to cloud caches. We formulate the system optimization model by considering the constraints of data delay to avoid data overflow in the system. In order to solve the optimization model for maximizing system energy efficiency, we employ a geometric programming method to obtain the optimal power and resource allocation in blockchain-based IoT. By extensive simulations, we verify the effectiveness of our proposed energy-efficiency-aware optimization mechanism in the blockchain-based IoT.
更新日期:2020-03-16

 

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