当前位置: X-MOL 学术Mycorrhiza › 论文详情
The effects of ectomycorrhizal fungal networks on seedling establishment are contingent on species and severity of overstorey mortality.
Mycorrhiza ( IF 3.069 ) Pub Date : 2020-02-22 , DOI: 10.1007/s00572-020-00940-4
Gregory J Pec,Suzanne W Simard,James F Cahill,Justine Karst

For tree seedlings in boreal forests, ectomycorrhizal (EM) fungal networks may promote, while root competition may impede establishment. Thus, disruption to EM fungal networks may decrease seedling establishment owing to the loss of positive interactions among neighbors. Widespread tree mortality can disrupt EM networks, but it is not clear whether seedling establishment will be limited by the loss of positive interactions or increased by the loss of negative interactions with surrounding roots. Depending upon the relative influence of these mechanisms, widespread tree mortality may have complicated consequences on seedling establishment, and in turn, the composition of future forests. To discern between these possible outcomes and the drivers of seedling establishment, we determined the relative importance of EM fungal networks, root presence, and the bulk soil on the establishment of lodgepole pine and white spruce seedlings along a gradient of beetle-induced tree mortality. We manipulated seedling contact with EM fungal networks and roots through the use of mesh-fabric cylinders installed in soils of lodgepole pine forests experiencing a range of overstorey tree mortality caused by mountain pine beetle. Lodgepole pine seedling survival was higher with access to EM fungal networks in undisturbed pine forests in comparison with that in beetle-killed stands. That is, overstorey tree mortality shifted fungal networks from being a benefit to a cost on seedling survival. In contrast, overstorey tree mortality did not change the relative strength of EM fungal networks, root presence and the bulk soil on survival and biomass of white spruce seedlings. Furthermore, the relative influence of EM fungal networks, root presence, and bulk soils on foliar N and P concentrations was highly contingent on seedling species and overstorey tree mortality. Our results highlight that following large-scale insect outbreak, soil-mediated processes can enable differential population growth of two common conifer species, which may result in species replacement in the future.
更新日期:2020-04-22

 

全部期刊列表>>
材料学研究精选
Springer Nature Live 产业与创新线上学术论坛
胸腔和胸部成像专题
自然科研论文编辑服务
ACS ES&T Engineering
ACS ES&T Water
屿渡论文,编辑服务
杨超勇
周一歌
华东师范大学
段炼
清华大学
中科大
唐勇
跟Nature、Science文章学绘图
隐藏1h前已浏览文章
中洪博元
课题组网站
新版X-MOL期刊搜索和高级搜索功能介绍
ACS材料视界
x-mol收录
福州大学
南京大学
王杰
左智伟
电子显微学
何凤
洛杉矶分校
吴杰
赵延川
试剂库存
天合科研
down
wechat
bug