当前位置: X-MOL 学术Transp. Res. Part C Emerg. Technol. › 论文详情
A two-dimensional car-following model for two-dimensional traffic flow problems
Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies ( IF 5.775 ) Pub Date : 2020-03-02 , DOI: 10.1016/j.trc.2020.02.025
Rafael Delpiano; Juan Carlos Herrera; Jorge Laval; Juan Enrique Coeymans

This paper proposes a two-dimensional car-following model to tackle traffic flow problems where considering continuum lateral distances enables a simpler or more natural mathematical formulation compared to traditional car-following models. These problems include (i) the effects of lateral friction often observed in HOV lanes and diverge bottlenecks, (ii) the relaxation phenomenon at merge bottlenecks, (iii) the occurrence of accidents due to lane changing, and (iv) traffic models for autonomous vehicles (AVs). We conjecture that traditional car-following models, where the lateral dimension is discretized into lanes, struggle with these problems and one has to resort to ad-hoc rules conceived to directly achieve the desired effect, and that are difficult to validate. We argue that the distance maintained by drivers in order to avoid collisions in all directions plays a fundamental role in all these problems. To test this hypothesis, we propose a simple two-dimensional microscopic car-following model based on the social force paradigm, and build simulation experiments that reproduce these phenomena. These phenomena are reproduced as an indirect consequence of the model’s formulation, as opposed to ad-hoc rules, thus shedding light on their causes. A better understanding of the behavior of human drivers in the lateral dimension can be translated to improving autonomous driving algorithms so that they are human-friendly. In addition, since AV technology is proprietary, we argue that the proposed model should provide a good starting point for building AV traffic flow models when real data becomes available, as these data come from sensors that cover two-dimensional regions.
更新日期:2020-03-03

 

全部期刊列表>>
智控未来
聚焦商业经济政治法律
跟Nature、Science文章学绘图
控制与机器人
招募海内外科研人才,上自然官网
隐藏1h前已浏览文章
课题组网站
新版X-MOL期刊搜索和高级搜索功能介绍
ACS材料视界
x-mol收录
湖南大学化学化工学院刘松
上海有机所
李旸
南方科技大学
西湖大学
X-MOL
支志明
中山大学化学工程与技术学院
试剂库存
天合科研
down
wechat
bug