当前位置: X-MOL 学术Acc. Chem. Res. › 论文详情
Hybrid Catalysts for Artificial Photosynthesis: Merging Approaches from Molecular, Materials, and Biological Catalysis.
Accounts of Chemical Research ( IF 20.832 ) Pub Date : 2020-03-03 , DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.9b00619
Peter T Smith,Eva M Nichols,Zhi Cao,Christopher J Chang

Increasing demand for sustainable energy sources continues to motivate the development of new catalytic processes that store intermittent energy in the form of chemical bonds. In this context, photosynthetic organisms harvest light to drive dark reactions reducing carbon dioxide, an abundant and accessible carbon source, to store solar energy in the form of glucose and other biomass feedstocks. Inspired by this biological process, the field of artificial photosynthesis aims to store renewable energy in chemical bonds spanning fuels, foods, medicines, and materials using light, water, and CO2 as the primary chemical feedstocks, with the added benefit of mitigating the accumulation of CO2 as a greenhouse gas in the atmosphere. As such, devising new catalyst platforms for transforming CO2 into value-added chemical products is of importance. Historically, catalyst design for artificial photosynthesis has been approached from the three traditional fields of catalysis: molecular, materials, and biological. In this Account, we show progress from our laboratory in constructing new hybrid catalysts for artificial photosynthesis that draw upon design concepts from all three of these traditional fields of catalysis and blur the boundaries between them. Starting with molecular catalysis, we incorporated biological design elements that are prevalent in enzymes into synthetic systems. Specifically, we demonstrated that proper positioning of intramolecular hydrogen bond donors or addition of intermolecular multipoint hydrogen bond donors with classic iron porphyrin and nickel cyclam platforms can substantially increase rates of CO2 reduction and break electronic scaling relationships. In parallel, we incorporated a key materials design element, namely, high surface area and porosity for maximizing active site exposure, into molecular systems. A supramolecular porous organic cage molecule was synthesized with iron porphyrin building blocks, and the porosity was observed to facilitate substrate and charge transport through the catalyst film. In turn, molecular design elements can be incorporated into materials catalysts for CO2 reduction. First, we utilized molecular synthons in a bottom-up reticular approach to drive polymerization/assembly into a bulk framework material. Second, we established an organometallic approach in which molecular ligands, including chelating ones, are adsorbed onto a bulk inorganic solid to create and tune new active sites on surfaces. Finally, we describe two examples in which molecular, materials, and biological design elements are all integrated to catalyze the reduction of CO2 into CH4 using a hybrid biological-materials interface with sustainably generated H2 as the reductant or to reduce CO into value-added C2 products acetate and ethanol using a hybrid molecular-materials interface to construct a biomimetic, bimetallic active site. Taken together, our program in catalysis for energy and sustainability has revealed that combining more conventional design strategies in synergistic ways can lead to advances in artificial photosynthesis.
更新日期:2020-03-03

 

全部期刊列表>>
欢迎访问IOP中国网站
自然职场线上招聘会
GIANT
产业、创新与基础设施
自然科研线上培训服务
材料学研究精选
胸腔和胸部成像专题
屿渡论文,编辑服务
何川
苏昭铭
陈刚
姜涛
李闯创
李刚
北大
跟Nature、Science文章学绘图
隐藏1h前已浏览文章
中洪博元
课题组网站
新版X-MOL期刊搜索和高级搜索功能介绍
ACS材料视界
x-mol收录
上海纽约大学
张健
陈芬儿
厦门大学
李祥
吉林大学
卓春祥
张昊
杨中悦
试剂库存
天合科研
down
wechat
bug