Russian Journal of Electrochemistry ( IF 1.063 ) Pub Date : 2020-02-26 , DOI: 10.1134/s1023193519120085 S. A. Kirakosyan; A. A. Alekseenko; V. E. Guterman; I. N. Novomlinskii; V. S. Men’shchikov; E. V. Gerasimova; A. Yu. Nikulin
Platinum-containing bimetallic nanoparticles manifest high functional characteristics as electrocatalysts. To use PtCu/C catalysts in low-temperature fuel cells, it is necessary to minimize selective copper dissolution, as copper cations can pollute the polymer membrane and decrease its proton conductivity. The work determines the composition, measures the electrochemically active surface area, and studies the electrochemical behavior of PtCu/C catalysts containing nanoparticles with a “core–shell” structure in the initial state (as-prepared) and after pretreatment in solutions of different acids. The comparative determination of catalyst activity in an electrochemical cell and their testing in a membrane-electrode assembly of fuel cells showed that pretreated PtCu/C materials with a much better stability as compared to Pt/C were also noninferior to the latter as regards their activity in the oxygen electroreduction reaction.