Matter Pub Date : 2020-02-12 , DOI: 10.1016/j.matt.2020.01.015 Liang Feng; Sheng-Han Lo; Kui Tan; Bing-Han Li; Shuai Yuan; Yi-Feng Lin; Chia-Her Lin; Sue-Lein Wang; Kuang-Lieh Lu; Hong-Cai Zhou
Designing materials that combine surface superhydrophobicity, high surface areas, large and uniform pore sizes, and excellent stability is a very challenging area for synthetic chemists. Here, we demonstrate a bioinspired encapsulation-rearrangement strategy to construct superhydrophobic mesoporous metal-organic framework (MOF) systems by selectively modifying the external surface of an internal lattice-rearranged mesoporous MOF. The surface of a defective MOF with limited porosity named AlTz-53 is initially modified by hydrophobic alkyl chains through click reactions. Subsequently, the internal framework undergoes lattice rearrangement upon solvent desorption, leading to a significantly improved internal porosity and material crystallinity. Functionalizing the surface of AlTz-68 with octadecene (AlTz-68-C18) induces superhydrophobicity with a water contact angle of 173.6°. AlTz-68-C18 also exhibits one of the largest Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface areas among all reported superhydrophobic framework materials. Furthermore, we illustrate that both superhydrophobic AlTz-68-C18 and the corresponding modified sponge exhibit excellent performance toward oil/water separation.