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Towards Real-Time Eyeblink Detection in the Wild: Dataset, Theory and Practices
IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security ( IF 6.211 ) Pub Date : 2019-12-16 , DOI: 10.1109/tifs.2019.2959978
Guilei Hu; Yang Xiao; Zhiguo Cao; Lubin Meng; Zhiwen Fang; Joey Tianyi Zhou; Junsong Yuan

Effective and real-time eyeblink detection is of wide-range applications, such as deception detection, drive fatigue detection, face anti-spoofing. Despite previous efforts, most of existing focus on addressing the eyeblink detection problem under constrained indoor conditions with relative consistent subject and environment setup. Nevertheless, towards practical applications, eyeblink detection in the wild is highly preferred, and of greater challenges. In this paper, we shed the light to this research topic. A labelled eyeblink in the wild dataset (i.e., HUST-LEBW) of 673 eyeblink video samples (i.e., 381 positives, and 292 negatives) is first established. These samples are captured from the unconstrained movies, with the dramatic variation on face attribute, head pose, illumination condition, imaging configuration, etc. Then, we formulate eyeblink detection task as a binary spatial-temporal pattern recognition problem. After locating and tracking human eyes using SeetaFace engine and KCF (Kernelized Correlation Filters) tracker respectively, a modified LSTM model able to capture the multi-scale temporal information is proposed to verify eyeblink. A feature extraction approach that reveals the appearance and motion characteristics simultaneously is also proposed. The experiments on HUST-LEBW reveal the superiority and efficiency of our approach. The comparisons with the existing state-of-the-art methods validate the advantages of our manner for eyeblink detection in the wild.
更新日期:2020-02-07

 

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