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Microstructural Evolution of INCONEL® Alloy 740H® Fusion Welds During Creep
Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A ( IF 1.985 ) Pub Date : 2014-12-06 , DOI: 10.1007/s11661-014-2682-6
Daniel H. Bechetti, John N. DuPont, John J. de Barbadillo, Brian A. Baker, Masashi Watanabe

Electron microscopy techniques have been used to investigate the cause of premature creep failure in the fusion zone of INCONEL® Alloy 740H® (INCONEL and 740H are registered trademarks of Special Metals Corporation) welds. The reduced creep rupture lives of all-weld-metal and cross-weld creep specimens (relative to base metal specimens) have been attributed to the presence of large grain boundary regions that were denuded in fine γ′ but contained coarse, elongated particles. Investigation of creep rupture specimens has revealed four factors that influence the formation of these coarsened zones, and the large particles found within them have been identified as γ′. Comparisons of the microstructural characteristics of these zones to the characteristics that are typical of denuded zones formed by a variety of mechanisms identified in the literature have been made. It is concluded that the mechanism of γ′-denuded zone formation in alloy 740H is discontinuous coarsening of the γ′ phase. The discontinuous reaction is catalyzed by the grain boundary migration and sliding which occur during creep and likely promoted by the inhomogeneous weld metal microstructure that results from solute segregation during solidification. The increased susceptibility to the formation of the observed γ′-denuded zones in the weld metal as compared to the base metal is discussed in the context of differences in the contributions to the driving force for the discontinuous coarsening reaction.
更新日期:2014-12-06

 

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