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Phase transitions and microstructure of a laser-induced steel surface alloying
Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A ( IF 1.985 ) Pub Date : 1997 , DOI: 10.1007/s11661-997-0261-9
Alex Glozman,Menachem Bamberger

Alloying the surface of AISI 1045 steel with CrB by laser irradiation causes partial dissolution of the chromium boride in the melt and the formation of different borides of Fe and Cr in the treated layer. At a low laser scan velocity (0.01 m/s), the dissolution of CrB is almost complete, and the microstructure and properties of the top layer are uniform. At a higher scan velocity (0.05 m/s), a large number of CrB particles remain undissolved in the layer, and its properties are heterogeneous. The matrix consists of columns of iron boride, with up to 20 pct Cr dissolved in it, and between them a eutectic containing α-Fe and chromium-boride with dissolved Fe. Iron boride grows on a transitional layer of Cr2B coating the surface of residual CrB particles, which cannot serve as nucleation sites because of the incompatibility of their crystal structure with that of (Fe,Cr)2B.
更新日期:2020-01-01

 

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