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Functional and transcriptomic analyses of the NF-Y family provide insights into the defense mechanisms of honeybees under adverse circumstances.
Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences ( IF 7.014 ) Pub Date : 2020-02-03 , DOI: 10.1007/s00018-019-03447-0
Guilin Li,Hang Zhao,Hongbin Guo,Ying Wang,Xuepei Cui,Baohua Xu,Xingqi Guo

As predominant pollinators, honeybees are important for crop production and terrestrial ecosystems. Recently, various environmental stresses have led to large declines in honeybee populations in many regions. The ability of honeybees to respond to these stresses is critical for their survival. However, the details of the stress defense mechanisms of honeybees have remained elusive. Here, we found that the Nuclear Factor Y (NF-Y) family (containing NF-YA, NF-YB, and NF-YC) is a novel stress mediator family that regulates honeybee environmental stress resistance. NF-YA localized in the nucleus, NF-YB accumulated in the cytoplasm, and NF-YC presented in both the nucleus and cytoplasm. NF-YC interacted with NF-YA and NF-YB in vitro and in vivo, and the nuclear import of NF-YB relied on its interaction with NF-YC. We further found that the expression of NF-Y was induced under multiple stress conditions. In addition, NF-Y regulated many stress responses and antioxidant genes at the transcriptome-wide level, and knockdown of NF-Y repressed the expression of stress-inducible genes, particularly LOC108003540 and LOC107994062, under adverse circumstances. Silencing NF-Y lowered honeybee stress resistance by reducing total antioxidant capacity and enhancing oxidative impairment. Collectively, these results indicate that NF-Y plays important roles in stress responses. Our study sheds light on the underlying defense mechanisms of honeybees under environmental stress.
更新日期:2020-02-04

 

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