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Synthesis without meta-analysis (SWiM) in systematic reviews: reporting guideline.
The BMJ ( IF 27.604 ) Pub Date : 2020-01-16 , DOI: 10.1136/bmj.l6890
Mhairi Campbell,Joanne E McKenzie,Amanda Sowden,Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi,Sue E Brennan,Simon Ellis,Jamie Hartmann-Boyce,Rebecca Ryan,Sasha Shepperd,James Thomas,Vivian Welch,Hilary Thomson

In systematic reviews that lack data amenable to meta-analysis, alternative synthesis methods are commonly used, but these methods are rarely reported. This lack of transparency in the methods can cast doubt on the validity of the review findings. The Synthesis Without Meta-analysis (SWiM) guideline has been developed to guide clear reporting in reviews of interventions in which alternative synthesis methods to meta-analysis of effect estimates are used. This article describes the development of the SWiM guideline for the synthesis of quantitative data of intervention effects and presents the nine SWiM reporting items with accompanying explanations and examples. ### Summary points Decision makers consider systematic reviews to be an essential source of evidence.1 Complete and transparent reporting of the methods and results of reviews allows users to assess the validity of review findings. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA; http://www.prisma-statement.org/) statement, consisting of a 27 item checklist, was developed to facilitate improved reporting of systematic reviews.2 Extensions are …
更新日期:2020-01-16

 

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