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TunnelScatter: Low Power Communication for Sensor Tags using Tunnel Diodes
arXiv - CS - Emerging Technologies Pub Date : 2020-01-13 , DOI: arxiv-2001.04259
Ambuj Varshney; Andreas Soleiman; Thiemo Voigt

Due to extremely low power consumption, backscatter has become the transmission mechanism of choice for battery-free devices that operate on harvested energy. However, a limitation of recent backscatter systems is that the communication range scales with the strength of the ambient carrier signal(ACS). This means that to achieve a long range, a backscatter tag needs to reflect a strong ACS, which in practice means that it needs to be close to an ACS emitter. We present TunnelScatter, a mechanism that overcomes this limitation. TunnelScatter uses a tunnel diode-based radio frequency oscillator to enable transmissions when there is no ACS, and the same oscillator as a reflection amplifier to support backscatter transmissions when the ACS is weak. Our results show that even without an ACS, TunnelScatter is able to transmit through several walls covering a distance of 18 meter while consuming a peak biasing power of 57 microwatts. Based on TunnelScatter, we design battery-free sensor tags, called TunnelTags, that can sense physical phenomena and transmit them using the TunnelScatter mechanism.
更新日期:2020-01-14

 

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