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An Electrochemical Oxidation-Membrane Distillation Hybrid Process: Utilizing Electric Resistance Heating for Distillation and Membrane Defouling through Thermal Activation of Anodically Formed Persulfate
Environmental Science & Technology ( IF 7.149 ) Pub Date : 2020-01-14 , DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.9b05141
Yong-Uk Shin; Eun-Tae Yun; Junghyun Kim; Hongshin Lee; Seungkwan Hong; Jaesang Lee

This study reports distillation-based salt removal by ohmic heating in a hybrid process, in which electrochemical oxidation (EO) and direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) are performed sequentially. In addition to anodically destructing the organics, the hybrid process also separated the sulfate-based electrolytes from treated water through distillation, without consuming external energy, owing to the temperature of the aqueous sulfate solution being elevated to 70℃ via resistive heating. The hybrid process treated organic compounds in a non-selective fashion, whereas the DCMD alone did not completely reject (semi)volatile organics. Integrating EO with DCMD made the hybrid process resistant toward the wetting phenomenon; the process exhibited a steady distillate flux and salt rejection as the initial loading of amphiphilic sodium dodecyl sulfate was increased to 0.3 mM. Anodic persulfate formation from the sulfate plus ohmic heating caused an in situ yield of sulfate radical in the feed solution; this eliminated membrane fouling, according to the observation that the water flux, which was drastically reduced upon adding alginate, was recovered immediately after an electric current was applied. The hybrid process concurrently decomposed spiked organics and removed naturally present inorganic ions in actual flue gas desulfurization wastewater, without an external supply of electrolyte and heat energy.
更新日期:2020-01-14

 

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