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The metolachlor degradation kinetics and bacterial community evolution in the soil bioelectrochemical remediation.
Chemosphere ( IF 5.778 ) Pub Date : 2020-01-13 , DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.125915
Xiaojing Li,Yue Li,Xiaolin Zhang,Xiaodong Zhao,Xiaodong Chen,Yongtao Li

Herbicide-polluted soils have posed a threat to the crop growth and agro-product quality and safety. Even worse, the low-content of residue is still appreciable for a long time in subsurface soils. The soil bioelectrochemical remediation system (BERS) provides an inexhaustible electron acceptor to cause in situ indigenous microorganisms to generate biocurrent and accelerate the removal of metolachlor (ML). As a result of carbon fiber amendment, the highest current density (637 ± 19 mA/m2) to date has been generated in a soil BERS. The ML half-life and complete removal time decreased from 21 to 3 d and from 245 to 109 d, respectively. Importantly, the soil BERS was verified to be an effective treatment method for low-polluted sediments/soils, whether by ML or by its degradates. The quantitative degradates of ML showed that the first step was dechlorination based on the bioelectrochemical degradation pathway. The biocurrent selectively enriched special species, e.g., Geobacter and Thermincola for bioelectricity generation and Ralstonia, Phyllobacterium and Stenotrophomonas for degradation in soils. Meanwhile, Flavisolibacter and Gemmatimonas occupied the core niche in strengthening interspecific relationships by the biocurrent. This study firstly revealed the explicit abundance of Geobacter in agricultural soils and laid a foundation for the function design of mixed bacteria in the sediment/soil BERS.
更新日期:2020-01-14

 

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