当前位置: X-MOL 学术PNAS › 论文详情
A long-distance rRNA base pair impacts the ability of macrolide antibiotics to kill bacteria [Biochemistry]
PNAS ( IF 9.580 ) Pub Date : 2020-01-13 , DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1918948117
Maxim S. Svetlov, Sophie Cohen, Nada Alsuhebany, Nora Vázquez-Laslop, Alexander S. Mankin

While most of the ribosome-targeting antibiotics are bacteriostatic, some members of the macrolide class demonstrate considerable bactericidal activity. We previously showed that an extended alkyl-aryl side chain is the key structural element determining the macrolides’ slow dissociation from the ribosome and likely accounts for the antibiotics’ cidality. In the nontranslating Escherichia coli ribosome, the extended side chain of macrolides interacts with 23S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) nucleotides A752 and U2609, that were proposed to form a base pair. However, the existence of this base pair in the translating ribosome, its possible functional role, and its impact on the binding and cidality of the antibiotic remain unknown. By engineering E. coli cells carrying individual and compensatory mutations at the 752 and 2609 rRNA positions, we show that integrity of the base pair helps to modulate the ribosomal response to regulatory nascent peptides, determines the slow dissociation rate of the extended macrolides from the ribosome, and increases their bactericidal effect. Our findings demonstrate that the ability of antibiotics to kill bacterial cells relies not only on the chemical nature of the inhibitor, but also on structural features of the target.
更新日期:2020-01-14

 

全部期刊列表>>
2020新春特辑
限时免费阅读临床医学内容
ACS材料视界
科学报告最新纳米科学与技术研究
清华大学化学系段昊泓
自然科研论文编辑服务
中国科学院大学楚甲祥
上海纽约大学William Glover
中国科学院化学研究所
课题组网站
X-MOL
北京大学分子工程苏南研究院
华东师范大学分子机器及功能材料
中山大学化学工程与技术学院
试剂库存
天合科研
down
wechat
bug