当前位置: X-MOL 学术Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. › 论文详情
Physiological responses to gravity in an insect.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America ( IF 9.412 ) Pub Date : 2020-01-13 , DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1915424117
Jon F Harrison,Khaled Adjerid,Anelia Kassi,C Jaco Klok,John M VandenBrooks,Meghan E Duell,Jacob B Campbell,Stav Talal,Christopher D Abdo,Kamel Fezzaa,Hodjat Pendar,John J Socha

Gravity is one of the most ubiquitous environmental effects on living systems: Cellular and organismal responses to gravity are of central importance to understanding the physiological function of organisms, especially eukaryotes. Gravity has been demonstrated to have strong effects on the closed cardiovascular systems of terrestrial vertebrates, with rapidly responding neural reflexes ensuring proper blood flow despite changes in posture. Invertebrates possess open circulatory systems, which could provide fewer mechanisms to restrict gravity effects on blood flow, suggesting that these species also experience effects of gravity on blood pressure and distribution. However, whether gravity affects the open circulatory systems of invertebrates is unknown, partly due to technical measurement issues associated with small body size. Here we used X-ray imaging, radio-tracing of hemolymph, and micropressure measurements in the American grasshopper, Schistocerca americana, to assess responses to body orientation. Our results show that during changes in body orientation, gravity causes large changes in blood and air distribution, and that body position affects ventilation rate. Remarkably, we also found that insects show similar heart rate responses to body position as vertebrates, and contrasting with the classic understanding of open circulatory systems, have flexible valving systems between thorax and abdomen that can separate pressures. Gravitational effects on invertebrate cardiovascular and respiratory systems are likely to be widely distributed among invertebrates and to have broad influence on morphological and physiological evolution.
更新日期:2020-01-29

 

全部期刊列表>>
物理学研究前沿热点精选期刊推荐
chemistry
自然职位线上招聘会
欢迎报名注册2020量子在线大会
化学领域亟待解决的问题
材料学研究精选新
GIANT
ACS ES&T Engineering
ACS ES&T Water
ACS Publications填问卷
屿渡论文,编辑服务
阿拉丁试剂right
南昌大学
王辉
南方科技大学
彭小水
隐藏1h前已浏览文章
课题组网站
新版X-MOL期刊搜索和高级搜索功能介绍
ACS材料视界
天合科研
x-mol收录
赵延川
李霄羽
廖矿标
朱守非
试剂库存
down
wechat
bug