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Bioconversion of Chicken Feather Wastes by Keratinolytic Bacteria
Process Safety and Environmental Protection ( IF 4.384 ) Pub Date : 2020-01-11 , DOI: 10.1016/j.psep.2020.01.014
Samira Alahyaribeik; Seyed davood Sharifi; Fatemeh Tabandeh; Shirin Honarbakhsh; Shokoufeh Ghazanfari

Rhodococcus erythropolis, Geobacillus stearothermophilus and two Bacillus species (Bacillus pumilis, and Bacillus licheniformis) were evaluated for protease production using feathers as the sole carbon and nitrogen source. The B. licheniformis produced enzymes optimally at 40 °C and pH 10.0, while B. pumilis performed optimally at 37 °C and pH 7.0. Furthermore, the optimum conditions for enzyme production by G. stearothermophilus were 55 °C and pH 7.0-8.0, while for R. erythropolis they were 37 °C and pH 7.0. The maximum proteolytic activities of the protease produced by B. licheniformis, G. stearothermophylus and B. pumilis were 50.41, 9.91 and 35.41 U/ml after 48, 72 and 48 h of culture, respectively. With R. erythropolis, the maximum enzyme activity was 33.39 U/ml after 96 h of culture. Also, the production of soluble protein showed the same pattern as that of proteolytic protease. When the initial pH value was 10.0, culturing the feathers (30 g l-1) for four days at 40 °C resulted in the maximum production of soluble proteins (8.28 mg/ml) by B. licheniformis. These results suggest that new strategies for waste management have emerged after the introduction of keratinases in sustainable material development, which has industrials applications in green technologies.
更新日期:2020-01-13

 

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