当前位置: X-MOL 学术Phys. Rev. X › 论文详情
Ab InitioFew-Mode Theory for Quantum Potential Scattering Problems
Physical Review X ( IF 12.211 ) Pub Date : 2020-01-13 , DOI: 10.1103/physrevx.10.011008
Dominik Lentrodt and Jörg Evers

Few-mode models are a cornerstone of the theoretical work in quantum optics, with the famous single-mode Jaynes-Cummings model being only the most prominent example. In this work, we develop an ab initio few-mode theory, a framework connecting few-mode system-bath models to ab initio methods. We first present a method to derive exact few-mode Hamiltonians for noninteracting quantum potential scattering problems and demonstrate how to rigorously reconstruct the scattering matrix from such few-mode Hamiltonians. We show that, upon inclusion of a background scattering contribution, an ab initio version of the well-known input-output formalism is equivalent to standard scattering theory. On the basis of these exact results for noninteracting systems, we construct an effective few-mode expansion scheme for interacting theories, which allows us to extract the relevant degrees of freedom from a continuum in an open quantum system. As a whole, our results demonstrate that few-mode as well as input-output models can be extended to a general class of problems and open up the associated toolbox to be applied to various platforms and extreme regimes. We outline differences of the ab initio results to standard model assumptions, which may lead to qualitatively different effects in certain regimes. The formalism is exemplified in various simple physical scenarios. In the process, we provide a proof of concept of the method, demonstrate important properties of the expansion scheme, and exemplify new features in extreme regimes.
更新日期:2020-01-13

 

全部期刊列表>>
2020新春特辑
限时免费阅读临床医学内容
ACS材料视界
科学报告最新纳米科学与技术研究
清华大学化学系段昊泓
自然科研论文编辑服务
加州大学洛杉矶分校
上海纽约大学William Glover
南开大学化学院周其林
课题组网站
X-MOL
北京大学分子工程苏南研究院
华东师范大学分子机器及功能材料
中山大学化学工程与技术学院
试剂库存
天合科研
down
wechat
bug