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A Low Pulling Effect Self-Isolated Harmonic Active Radiator for Millimeter-Wave Internet-of-Things Applications
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation ( IF 4.435 ) Pub Date : 2019-09-06 , DOI: 10.1109/tap.2019.2938709
Kuangda Wang; Anthony Ghiotto; Lei Guo; Fang Zhu; Ke Wu

A low pulling effect self-isolated harmonic active radiator operating around 28 GHz is proposed, investigated, and demonstrated in this article. Thanks to the inherent self-isolation property of a feedback loop of the proposed active radiator, a superiority of pulling effect mitigation, harmonic output, and simple structure is achieved. As part of the loop, a partially air-filled dual-mode substrate integrated waveguide cavity with a dielectric-loaded broadside slot is designed to realize the functions of resonators, harmonic diplexers, and antennas concurrently. The radiator oscillates at a fundamental frequency which is set by the first mode of the cavity resonator, and the generated second harmonic signal is extracted and radiated by the diplexer and antenna functions, respectively. Self-isolation is achieved because a pulling signal is attenuated by the synergetic effect of the reverse isolation and harmonic separation of the loop amplifier and diplexer, respectively. Measured results of a fabricated prototype show a maximum equivalent isotropic radiated power of 15 dBm at 28.15 GHz and a phase noise of −108 dBc/Hz at 1 MHz offset. Load pulling and injection pulling are reduced by a factor of 10 and 17, respectively, compared with an active radiator transmitting a fundamental signal around 28 GHz. Such a robust and compactly integrated structure is a good candidate for low-cost millimeter-wave Internet-of-Things applications in connection with identification, sensing, tracking, and communication.
更新日期:2020-01-07

 

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