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Claudin-2 binding peptides, VPDSM and DSMKF, down-regulate claudin-2 expression and anticancer resistance in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells
BBA Molecular Cell Research ( IF 4.739 ) Pub Date : 2020-01-07 , DOI: 10.1016/j.bbamcr.2019.118642
Haruka Nasako; Risa Akizuki; Yui Takashina; Yoshinobu Ishikawa; Takehiro Shinoda; Mikako Shirouzu; Tomohiro Asai; Toshiyuki Matsunaga; Satoshi Endo; Akira Ikari

Claudin-2 (CLDN2), a tight junctional protein, is involved in the chemoresistance in spheroid culture models of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells. However, there is no chemical which can improve the sensitivity to anticancer drugs. So far, we reported that DFYSP, a short peptide which mimics the second extracellular loop (ECL2) of CLDN2, decreases CLDN2 expression in A549 cells, but the concentration is relatively high. Here, we found that the effects of VPDSM and DSMKF are stronger than that of DFYSP. Both VPDSM and DSMKF decreased the protein levels of CLDN2 without affecting the mRNA levels of CLDN2. The peptide-induced decrease in CLDN2 expression was suppressed by monodansylcadaverine (MDC), a clathrin-dependent endocytosis (CDE) inhibitor, and chloroquine, a lysosome inhibitor. CLDN2 was colocalized with ZO-1, an adapter protein, in tight junctions (TJs) under control conditions, whereas it disappeared from the TJs in the peptide-treated cells. Quartz crystal microbalance assay showed that both peptides can bind to recombinant CLDN2 protein. Both peptides increased permeability to paracellular transport marker lucifer yellow. In three-dimensional spheroid culture models, both peptides enhanced the sensitivity to doxorubicin, a cytotoxic anticancer drug, which was inhibited by MDC. We suggest that VPDSM and DSMKF enhance the chemosensitivity to anticancer drugs in aggregated adenocarcinoma cells mediated by the CDE pathway and lysosomal degradation of CLDN2 in lung adenocarcinoma cells. VPDSM and DSMKF, which mimic the ECL2 of CLDN2, may become novel adjuvant therapeutic drugs for lung adenocarcinoma.
更新日期:2020-01-07

 

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