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Constructive Characterization for Bidirected Analogue of Critical Graphs I: Principal Classes of Radials and Semiradials
arXiv - CS - Discrete Mathematics Pub Date : 2019-12-31 , DOI: arxiv-2001.00083
Nanao Kita

This paper is the first from serial papers that provide constructive characterizations for classes of bidirected graphs known as radials and semiradials. In this paper, we provide constructive characterizations for five principle classes of radials and semiradials to be used for characterizing general radials and semiradials. A bidirected graph is a graph in which each end of each edge has a sign $+$ or $-$. Bidirected graphs are a common generalization of digraphs and signed graphs. We define a new concept of radials as a generalization of a classical concept in matching theory, critical graphs. Radials are also a generalization of a class of digraphs known as flowgraphs. We also define semiradials, which are a relaxed concept of radials. We further define special classes of radials and semiradials, that is, absolute semiradials, strong and almost strong radials, linear semiradials, and sublinear radials. We provide constructive characterizations for these five classes of bidirected graphs. Our serial papers are a part of a series of works that establish the strong component decomposition for bidirected graphs.
更新日期:2020-01-04

 

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