Journal of South American Earth Sciences ( IF 1.704 ) Pub Date : 2019-12-10 , DOI: 10.1016/j.jsames.2019.102462 Thomas A. Hegna, Eric A. Lazo-Wasem, María de Lourdes Serrano-Sánchez, Ricardo Barragán, Francisco J. Vega
The blind fossil amphipod, Caecorchestia bousfieldi, Hegna and Lazo-Wasem, new genus and species, is described from the lower Miocene Campo La Granja amber mines in Chiapas, Mexico, based on more than 130 specimens in diverse states of preservation. It is the second amphipod species to be described from Chiapas amber. C. bousfieldi belongs to the Talitridae, a family of amphipods that have successfully colonized terrestrial habitats. Exactly how fully terrestrial Caecorchestia bousfieldi was is unclear, and its blindness likely indicates that it occupied a cryptic habitat. A review of the amphipod fossil record is given which demonstrates that the amphipods first appeared as fossils in the Eocene.