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CRISPR/Cas brings plant biology and breeding into the fast lane.
Current Opinion in Biotechnology ( IF 8.083 ) Pub Date : 2019-09-27 , DOI: 10.1016/j.copbio.2019.08.006
Angelina Schindele,Annika Dorn,Holger Puchta

CRISPR/Cas is in the process of inducing the biggest transformation of plant breeding since the green revolution. Whereas initial efforts focused mainly on changing single traits by error prone non-homologous end joining, the last two years saw a tremendous technical progress achieving more complex genetic, epigenetic and transcriptional changes. The efficiencies of inducing directed changes by homologous recombination have been improved significantly and strategies to break genetic linkages by inducing chromosomal rearrangements have been developed. Cas13 systems have been applied to degrade viral and mRNA in plants. Most importantly, a historical breakthrough was accomplished: By introducing multiple genomic changes simultaneously, domestication of wild species in a single generation has been demonstrated, speeding up breeding dramatically.
更新日期:2019-11-01

 

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