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Hormesis under oil-induced stress in Leersia hexandra Sw. used as phytoremediator in clay soils of the Mexican humid tropic.
Ecotoxicology ( IF 2.460 ) Pub Date : 2019-09-19 , DOI: 10.1007/s10646-019-02106-1
José Alberto Orocio-Carrillo,María Del Carmen Rivera-Cruz,Emilio Manuel Aranda-Ibañez,Antonio Trujillo-Narcía,Geovanni Hernández-Galvez,María Remedios Mendoza-López

The oil industry has inherent risks of spills or leaks due to natural or anthropogenic causes, which cause alterations in the soil and damage to the plant. An experiment was carried to investigate the effect of oil on the growth, biomass production, biosynthesis of crude protein of Leersia hexandra grass and the remove of oil from the soil. The results showed different responses by L. hexandra depending on the age, low concentrations of oil induced a significant increase in stolon length, in relative growth rate, in dry matter production and in the biosynthesis of crude protein. The same parameters decreased at high concentrations of oil. However, at the end of the evaluation period of 180 days, high concentrations of oil induced a significant increase in the number of young plants and secondary roots, the terminal third of the main root and root dry matter. The dose response curves had the shape of an inverted U, showing that at days 15, 45, 90 and 180, in stolon length, aerial dry matter production, crude protein (day 90) and young plants (days 45 and 90) exhibited a typical biphasic response. The increase in oil concentration correlated with increases in young plants, number of secondary roots, number of roots at the middle, terminal third and root dry matter. After 180 days exposure the rhizosphere of L. hexandra a total oil removal of oil of 76.7 ± 4 was achieved; 61.7, 51, 44.6, 38 and 52% in soils that initially contained 7.9, 54, 102, 126, 145 and 238 g oil.
更新日期:2019-11-01

 

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