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综述:己糖胺生物合成途径代谢酶与OGT介导的O-GlcNAc修饰在肿瘤中的研究进展
发布时间:2023-11-23

己糖胺生物合成途径代谢酶与OGT介导的O-GlcNAc修饰在肿瘤中的研究进展

杨佳瑶    唐霓    汪凯

重庆医科大学感染性疾病分子生物学教育部重点实验室

摘要:细胞代谢异常和能量失调被认为是癌症的重要标志。己糖胺生物合成途径(hexosamine biosynthetic pathway,HBP)在多数肿瘤中异常激活。葡萄糖、脂肪酸、氨基酸和谷氨酰胺等是肿瘤生长的重要营养物质,并作为HBP的底物用于合成尿苷二磷酸N-乙酰氨基葡萄糖胺(uridine diphosphate N-acetylglucosamine,UDP-GlcNAc)。UDP-GlcNAc是蛋白质发生氧连接的氮乙酰葡萄糖胺(O-linked N-acetylglucosamine,O-GlcNAc)修饰的供体底物,其被认为在细胞中扮演着“营养感受器”的角色。近年来,HBP代谢酶在癌症病理生理学中的作用被广泛研究,HBP介导的O-GlcNAc糖基化修饰与癌细胞的增殖、存活和转移密切相关。本文对HBP及其在肿瘤中的重要作用进行了综述,并且讨论了靶向HBP治疗癌症的潜在策略。

关键词: 己糖胺生物合成途径;肿瘤;氧连β-N-乙酰葡糖胺修饰;糖基化修饰;

基金资助: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(编号:82073251); 重庆医科大学未来医学团队创新计划(编号:W0101、W0036)。


Advances in metabolic enzymes in the hexosamine biosynthetic pathway and OGT-mediated O-GlcNAc modification in tumors

Yang Jiayao, Tang Ni, Wang Kai

(Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology of Infectious Diseases, Ministry of Education, Chongqing Medical University)

Abstract】Cell metabolic abnormalities and dysregulated energy utilization are important markers of cancer. The hexosamine biosynthetic pathway (HBP) is abnormally activated in most tumors. Glucose, fatty acids, amino acids, and glutamine are vital nutrients for tumor growth and serve as the substrates for the biosynthesis of uridine diphosphate N-acetylglucosamine (UDP-GlcNAc) through HBP. UDP-GlcNAc is a donor substrate for O-linked N-acetylglucosamine modification (O-GlcNAc) of proteins, which acts as a “nutrient-sensor” within cells. In recent years, the role of HBP metabolic enzymes in the pathophysiology of cancer has been extensively investigated. HBP-mediated O-GlcNAc modification is closely related to the proliferation, survival, and metastasis of cancer cells. Here, we review HBP and its important roles in tumors, and discuss the potential strategies of cancer treatment by targeting HBP.

Key words】hexosamine biosynthetic pathway; tumor; O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine modification; glycosylation 

DOI: 10.13406/j.cnki.cyxb.003374


发表期刊:重庆医科大学学报》 https://doi.org/10.13406/j.cnki.cyxb.003374


全文地址:https://link.cnki.net/urlid/50.1046.R.20231121.0922.004