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SCI阅读和写作【转四】:Discussion万能模板
发布时间:2022-04-27

DISCUSSION内容具体

A. 本研究的成果

B. 同其它研究比较

C. 结果中的差别

D. 研究的意义

E. 未解答的问题及今后的研究方向

一、在提出自己的观点时

(1)如果观点不是这篇文章最新提出的,通常用We confirm that

(2)对于自己很自信的观点,可用We believe that

(3)通常,由数据推断出一定的结论,用Results indicate, infer, suggest, imply that

(4) 在极其特别时才可用We put forward (discover, observe)"for the first time"来强调自己的创新…

(5) 如果自己对所提出的观点不完全肯定,可用:

We tentatively put forward (interpret this to)  

The results may be due to (caused by) attributed to resulted from

This is probably a consequence of 

It seems thatcan account for (interpret) this

It is possible that it stem from

要注意的是, 如果通篇为(1)(5),那这篇文章的意义就大打折扣。如果全是(2),肯定会遭到置疑。所以要仔细分析自己成果的创新性以及可信度。  

二、用好连接词能使文章层次清楚,意思明确。

常见的连接词有:However, also, in addition, consequently, afterwards, moreover, Furthermore, further, although, unlike, in contrast, Similarly, Unfortunately, alternatively, parallel results, In order to, despite, For example, Compared with, other results, thus, therefore……  

叙述两种观点,要把它们截然分开AA  put forward thatIn contrast, BB believe or Unlike AA, BB suggest or On the contrary (表明前面观点错误)

只表明两种观点对立,用in contrast BB

两种观点相近,可用AA suggestSimilarly, alternatively, BBOr Also, BB or BB also does

表示因果或者前后关系可用Consequently, therefore, as a result

表明递进关系可用furthermore, further, moreover, in addition

三、对于文章的不足进行总结:

(1)研究的问题有点片面:

It should be noted that this study has examined only

We concentrate (focus) on only

We have to point out that we do not

Some limitations of this study are 

(2)结论有些不足:  

The results do not imply

The results can not be used to determine (or be taken as evidence of)

Unfortunately, we can not determine this from this data

Our results are lack of 

(3)可能采取的手段:  

Not withstanding its limitation, this study does suggest

However, these problems could be solved if we consider

Despite its preliminary character, this study can clearly indicate

一篇好的Discussion不仅条理清晰,而且语句流畅,简单清楚的对研究内容进行总结外,对与前人已得成果的比较、研究成果的不足、该研究的可取之处,都做了详细而明确的描述。最后,还会对研究进行拓展,从研究方向,研究内容,研究成果等方面做出大胆的设想,为以后的深入研究提供借鉴。