1. CO2 electrocatalytic conversion:
Recycling CO2 to mitigate the greenhouse effect; storing renewable and excess energy to alleviate energy shortages; and producing high-value-added chemicals.
2. Nitrate/nitrite electrocatalytic conversion:
Electrocatalytically converting nitrate/nitrite ions in water to produce ammonia, achieving wastewater treatment and green hydrogen storage.
3. Hydrogen production through water electrolysis