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  • Oral health-related quality of life in patients with upper gastrointestinal and hepatic disorders in Pakistan: validation of the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 in the Urdu language
    BDJ Open Pub Date : 2018-04-27
    Ibrahim Warsi, Anjum Younus, Abdur Rasheed, Javeria Ahmed, Hafsa Mahida, Rimsha Hashmi, Ambrina Qureshi

    IntroductionThe Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) has been used extensively to measure the impact of oral disease on oral health-related quality of life (HRQoL) but has not been validated in the Urdu language or tested in gastroenterology.AimsTo validate the OHIP-14 for use in Pakistan and its ability to assess oral health in patients with upper gastrointestinal (GI) and hepatic disorders.DesignMulticentre, cross-sectional.SettingFour major tertiary care hospitals.MethodsThe OHIP-14 was tested for reliability and validity in 700 patients referred for oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopic (OGD) investigation of the symptoms of upper GI or hepatic disease. Socio-demographic details and oral examination findings (for oral lesions and DMFT) were recorded.ResultsThe mean (±standard deviation) total OHIP-14 score (range 0–56) was estimated to be 23.38 ± 10.47, indicating a significant impact of upper gastrointestinal and hepatic disorders on oral health. The reliability coefficient of the OHIP-14 was above 0.7 threshold, and the tool had good internal consistency (α = 0.83). When associated with worsening DMFT (decayed, missed, and filled teeth) index value, the highest correlations (p < 0.01) were detected with functional limitation (rs = 0.234), physical disability (rs = 0.230), and psychological discomfort (rs = 0.221).ConclusionThe OHIP-14 is a precise and valid instrument for assessing oral-HRQoL in a gastroenterological setting amongst Pakistani population.

    更新日期:2018-07-14
  • Effectiveness of prosthodontic interventions and survival of remaining teeth in adult patients with shortened dental arches—Protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
    BDJ Open Pub Date : 2018-04-27
    Conor McLister, Michael Donnelly, Christopher Cardwell, Ciaran Moore, Gerald McKenna

    To evaluate studies of the effectiveness of different tooth replacement strategies in adult patients with shortened dental arches (SDA). Specifically, the objectives of the proposed review are to determine the survival rates of different prosthodontic interventions; the risk of tooth loss with and without different prosthodontic interventions; and the impact of different tooth replacement strategies on oral-health related quality of life (OHRQoL).

    更新日期:2018-07-14
  • Remediation of adult black dental stains by phototherapy
    BDJ Open Pub Date : 2018-04-11
    M. A. Albelda-Bernardo, M. del Mar Jovani-Sancho, V. Veses, C. C. Sheth

    Introduction and aimsThis study investigates the effects of the application of antimicrobial phototherapy on black-stained tooth surfaces. Key variables were area, color and time taken to reappearance of black stain following dental prophylaxis with and without antimicrobial phototherapy. Differences in bacterial composition of black stain (specifically Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Tannerella forsythia, and Porphyromonas gingivalis) were analyzed.Material and methodsThe phototherapy device used was GLO™ Science LLC, New York, America, emitting light at 475 nm and a power of 3 W. Light was applied in 2 cycles of 8 min on 31 volunteers. Microbial identification was carried out on DNA extracted from black plaque. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT03309748.ResultsFollowing antimicrobial phototherapy, 64.5% of patients displayed reduced pigmentation area. Plaque color was lighter in 48.4% of subjects. Pigmentation area and depth of color returned to normal levels during the course of the study. Colonization by the three bacterial species decreased, although the changes were not statistically significant. We report a key novel finding showing elevated levels of colonization by Tannerella forsythia (83.9%) in adult black stain.ConclusionsApplication of phototherapy results in a reduction in area, color and bacterial colonization of black plaque in adults. The changes were not found to be statistically significant, perhaps owing to the low illumination power of the home-whitening device. For the first time, we document the elevated presence of Tannerella forsythia in adult black stain. We also demonstrate the potential application of a commercially available home-whitening device for black plaque treatment.

    更新日期:2018-07-14
  • A randomised controlled trial to evaluate the plaque removal efficacy of sodium bicarbonate dentifrices in a single brushing clinical model
    BDJ Open Pub Date : 2018-06-04
    Mary-Lynn Bosma, Kimberly R Milleman, Ivy Akwagyiram, Darren Targett, Jeffery L Milleman

    Objective To evaluate plaque removal efficacy of dentifrices containing sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) compared with a non-NaHCO3 dentifrice after a single-timed brushing. Materials and methods A randomised, controlled, examiner-blinded, four-period, crossover study in 56 adults with a mean whole-mouth plaque index of ≥2.00 (six site modification of Turesky modification of Quigley-Hein Plaque Index [TPI]). Subjects brushed once for one timed minute with a 67% NaHCO3 dentifrice with herbs; a 67% NaHCO3 dentifrice without herbs; a 62% NaHCO3 dentifrice with herbs; or a non-NaHCO3 dentifrice without herbs. All contained 923 p.p.m. fluoride as sodium fluoride. Pre- and post-brushing plaque assessments were performed. Results Mean TPI score decreased from pre- to post-brushing with all treatments. There were statistically significantly greater reductions in plaque for NaHCO3 dentifrices compared to non-NaHCO3 (p < 0.0001 for all) with no significant differences between NaHCO3-containing dentifrices. A post hoc analysis of plaque removal from different oral areas showed statistically significant differences in favour of the NaHCO3 dentifrices over the non-NaHCO3 dentifrice for almost all surfaces. No adverse events were reported. Discussion and conclusion Plaque removal was significantly greater with NaHCO3-containing dentifrices compared with a non-NaHCO3 dentifrice after a single, timed brushing. There was no effect of herbal tinctures. This study was registered at ClincalTrials.org: NCT03285984.

    更新日期:2018-06-05
  • Comparison of antibacterial activity of alexidine alone or as a final irrigant with sodium hypochlorite and chlorhexidine
    BDJ Open Pub Date : 2018-06-01
    Thaís M da Silva, Flávio RF Alves, Márcia TS Lutterbach, Maurício M Paiva, Dennis de Carvalho Ferreira

    To compare the antibacterial activity of alexidine (ALX) alone or as a final irrigant in combination with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), with the most common canal irrigants, NaOCl and chlorhexidine (CHX).

    更新日期:2018-06-02
  • Reply to: Relevance of investigating light transmittance through red protective shields in dentistry
    BDJ Open Pub Date : 2018-05-04
    Vanida Nimmanon, Praewpat Pachimsawat, Siribang-on Pibooniyom Khovidhunkit, Bhornsawan Thanathornwong, Thirayost Nimmanon

    Reply to: Relevance of investigating light transmittance through red protective shields in dentistry Reply to: Relevance of investigating light transmittance through red protective shields in dentistry, Published online: 04 May 2018; doi:10.1038/bdjopen.2018.5 Reply to: Relevance of investigating light transmittance through red protective shields in dentistry

    更新日期:2018-05-05
  • Relevance of investigating light transmittance through red protective shields in dentistry
    BDJ Open Pub Date : 2018-05-04
    Ellen Bruzell, Bjørn Johnsen, Terje Christensen

    Relevance of investigating light transmittance through red protective shields in dentistry Relevance of investigating light transmittance through red protective shields in dentistry, Published online: 04 May 2018; doi:10.1038/bdjopen.2018.4 Relevance of investigating light transmittance through red protective shields in dentistry

    更新日期:2018-05-05
  • The Halitosis Consequences Inventory: psychometric properties and relationship with social anxiety disorder
    BDJ Open Pub Date : 2018-04-30
    Mauricio Duarte da Conceicao, Fernanda Salgueiredo Giudice, Lucas de Francisco Carvalho

    The Halitosis Consequences Inventory: psychometric properties and relationship with social anxiety disorder The Halitosis Consequences Inventory: psychometric properties and relationship with social anxiety disorder, Published online: 30 April 2018; doi:10.1038/bdjopen.2018.6 The Halitosis Consequences Inventory: psychometric properties and relationship with social anxiety disorder

    更新日期:2018-05-02
  • The Halitosis Consequences Inventory: psychometric properties and relationship with social anxiety disorder
    BDJ Open Pub Date : 2018-04-06
    Mauricio Duarte da Conceicao, Fernanda Salgueiredo Giudice, Lucas de Francisco Carvalho

    Individuals who complain of halitosis experience psychological consequences that can lead to social, professional, and affective limitations. Research has identified social anxiety disorder (SAD) as the most common psychopathology associated to halitosis complaints. Combining these two lines of research, we sought to determine the validity of the Halitosis Consequences Inventory (ICH), a scale designed to assess the psychological consequences of halitosis complaints. We also investigated the relationship between these consequences and SAD.

    更新日期:2018-04-06
  • Assessment of information resources for people with hypodontia
    BDJ Open Pub Date : 2018-03-09
    Sophy Barber, Sue Pavitt, David Meads, Balvinder Khambay, Hilary Bekker

    To assess the adequacy of patient information to support understanding and decision-making for people affected by hypodontia.

    更新日期:2018-03-11
  • Factors related to reducing free sugar intake among white ethnic adults in the UK: a qualitative study
    BDJ Open Pub Date : 2018-02-09
    Said Harith Al Rawahi, Koula Asimakopoulou, Jonathon Timothy Newton

    To determine the barriers and enablers to behavioural change to reduce free sugar intake related to dental caries in a sample of UK adults who identify their ethnicity as White.

    更新日期:2018-02-09
  • A randomised study in young subjects of the effects of eating extra fruit or nuts on periodontal inflammation
    BDJ Open Pub Date : 2018-01-05
    Sara Fridell, Edvin Ström, Christian Agebratt, Per Leanderson, Hans Guldbrand, Fredrik H Nystrom

    Fruit is often advocated as a healthy source of nutrients and vitamins. However, the high contents of sugars in many fruits could potentially counteract positive effects on the teeth.

    更新日期:2018-01-05
  • Dentists’ opinions on knowledge, attitudes and barriers in providing oral health care to older people living independently in the Netherlands and Flanders (Belgium)
    BDJ Open Pub Date : 2017-12-22
    P C Bots-VantSpijker, J J M Bruers, C P Bots, L M J De Visschere, J M G A Schols

    The aim of this study was to investigate how dentists in the Netherlands and Flanders assessed their knowledge on oral health care to older people, what their attitude was and what barriers they experienced in rendering care to older people.

    更新日期:2017-12-22
  • Craniofacial manifestations in osteogenesis imperfecta type III in South Africa
    BDJ Open Pub Date : 2017-10-20
    Manogari Chetty, Tina Sharon Roberts, Lawrence Stephen, Peter Beighton

    Craniofacial manifestations in osteogenesis imperfecta type III in South Africa Craniofacial manifestations in osteogenesis imperfecta type III in South Africa, Published online: 20 October 2017; doi:10.1038/bdjopen.2017.21 Craniofacial manifestations in osteogenesis imperfecta type III in South Africa

    更新日期:2017-12-15
  • Microstream capnography during conscious sedation with midazolam for oral surgery: a randomised controlled trial
    BDJ Open Pub Date : 2017-10-13
    Paul Brady, Gabriella Iohom, Ken D O’Halloran, Christine McCreary, Michael Cronin

    Microstream capnography during conscious sedation with midazolam for oral surgery: a randomised controlled trial Microstream capnography during conscious sedation with midazolam for oral surgery: a randomised controlled trial, Published online: 13 October 2017; doi:10.1038/bdjopen.2017.19 Microstream capnography during conscious sedation with midazolam for oral surgery: a randomised controlled trial

    更新日期:2017-12-15
  • What reward does a child prefer for behaving well at the dentist?
    BDJ Open Pub Date : 2017-09-08
    James Coxon, Marie Therese Hosey, Jonathon Timothy Newton

    What reward does a child prefer for behaving well at the dentist? What reward does a child prefer for behaving well at the dentist?, Published online: 08 September 2017; doi:10.1038/bdjopen.2017.18 What reward does a child prefer for behaving well at the dentist?

    更新日期:2017-12-15
  • Peri-implant health, clinical outcome and patient-centred outcomes of implant-supported overdentures in the mandible and the maxilla
    BDJ Open Pub Date : 2017-09-08
    David Offord, Grant Mathieson, Nicola Kingsford, Carine Matthys, Maarten Glibert, Hugo De Bruyn

    Peri-implant health, clinical outcome and patient-centred outcomes of implant-supported overdentures in the mandible and the maxilla Peri-implant health, clinical outcome and patient-centred outcomes of implant-supported overdentures in the mandible and the maxilla, Published online: 08 September 2017; doi:10.1038/bdjopen.2017.17 Peri-implant health, clinical outcome and patient-centred outcomes of implant-supported overdentures in the mandible and the maxilla

    更新日期:2017-12-15
  • Actinic cheilitis: proposition and reproducibility of a clinical criterion
    BDJ Open Pub Date : 2017-08-04
    Nádia Antunes Poitevin, Mariana Sudati Rodrigues, Karen Loureiro Weigert, Carmen Lúcia Rodrigues Macedo, Rubem Beraldo dos Santos

    Actinic cheilitis: proposition and reproducibility of a clinical criterion Actinic cheilitis: proposition and reproducibility of a clinical criterion, Published online: 04 August 2017; doi:10.1038/bdjopen.2017.16 Actinic cheilitis: proposition and reproducibility of a clinical criterion

    更新日期:2017-12-15
  • Emerging paradigm of virtual-microscopy for histopathology diagnosis: survey of US and Canadian oral pathology trainees
    BDJ Open Pub Date : 2017-07-28
    Ngozi N Nwizu, Adepitan Owosho, Kalu U E Ogbureke

    Emerging paradigm of virtual-microscopy for histopathology diagnosis: survey of US and Canadian oral pathology trainees Emerging paradigm of virtual-microscopy for histopathology diagnosis: survey of US and Canadian oral pathology trainees, Published online: 28 July 2017; doi:10.1038/bdjopen.2017.13 Emerging paradigm of virtual-microscopy for histopathology diagnosis: survey of US and Canadian oral pathology trainees

    更新日期:2017-12-15
  • Clinical performance of the near-infrared imaging system VistaCam iX Proxi for detection of approximal enamel lesions
    BDJ Open Pub Date : 2017-06-30
    Anahita Jablonski-Momeni, Boris Jablonski, Nikola Lippe

    Clinical performance of the near-infrared imaging system VistaCam iX Proxi for detection of approximal enamel lesions Clinical performance of the near-infrared imaging system VistaCam iX Proxi for detection of approximal enamel lesions, Published online: 30 June 2017; doi:10.1038/bdjopen.2017.12 Clinical performance of the near-infrared imaging system VistaCam iX Proxi for detection of approximal enamel lesions

    更新日期:2017-12-15
  • Diurnal variation of intraoral pH and temperature
    BDJ Open Pub Date : 2017-06-30
    Jung Eun Choi, Karl M Lyons, Jules A Kieser, Neil J Waddell

    Diurnal variation of intraoral pH and temperature Diurnal variation of intraoral pH and temperature, Published online: 30 June 2017; doi:10.1038/bdjopen.2017.15 Diurnal variation of intraoral pH and temperature

    更新日期:2017-12-15
Some contents have been Reproduced with permission of the American Chemical Society.
Some contents have been Reproduced by permission of The Royal Society of Chemistry.
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美国纽约市立大学先进技术中心陈曦教授课题组招聘博士后研究员
上海科技大学左智伟课题组招聘博士后、研究助理教授
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